I remember clearly to this day watching on our television as an Octopus slithered towards the round glass jar sitting on the reef bottom with a large lobster inside of it. A big cork was covering the opening of the glass jar, and was the only thing keeping the octopus from devouring the lobster. Slowly the octopus inspected the jar with it’s arms, (octopus do not have “tenacles” they have arms), covering all surfaces of the jar repeatedly. Eventually, this amazingly intelligent creature zeroed in on the cork and r Recognizing that it was the key to his meal, he popped it open and that was it for the poor hapless lobster!
This was the show, a series back in the 70’s and I was a huge fan. I did not miss an episode, and it was one of the main reasons I knew I wanted to be a scuba diver from a very early age. Growing up in South Florida the underwater environment was always front and center, and I was a huge fan of Jacques Cousteau like many others of my generation. The series was about the intrepid undersea explorer circling the globe on his floating scientific laboratory, the Calypso. What adventures he had! A pioneer in marine study, the red-capped Frenchman introduced generations of people to the mysteries of the seas.
Many younger scuba divers today are not aware, but in 1942, Cousteau invented an underwater demand valve system that could supply divers with air when they breathed. This demand regulator was called “Aqua-Lung”, (same as the scuba equipment manufacturer today), and it eventually opened the door to scuba diving for everyone.
“The impact of the Aqua-Lung cannot be overstated. It was the first efficient and safe scuba set that allowed divers to stay underwater for long periods of time at deep depths. It was a small contraption with a simple design that was reliable and relatively inexpensive. This monumental advance in diving technology laid the foundation for the creation and growth of the recreational scuba diving market. Up until that point, diving equipment, though widely used for military and commercial purposes, was not available to the general public for recreational or sport purposes. The very idea of diving for fun, or to explore, was virtually unheard of.” See source link
Some time ago, the Cousteau Society set out to bring back the Iconic Calypso, starting with renovating the ship. Now it seems that although the renovations were pushing ahead, there has been a setback. On September 12 at around 2:30 am, a fire broke out and damaged the legendary ship. I’ll hope that one day the Calypso can ply the waters again in honor of Cousteau and everything he accomplished.
As I sit here in Key Largo, Florida Keys, sometimes referred to as the “Dive Capital of the World”, how can I not but look back admiringly at the undisputed “Father of Scuba Diving” Jacques Cousteau? As someone who has been fortunate enough to make a living doing something he loves, scuba diving, I can only look back at this giant admiringly, and offer him my silent gratitude. A gratitude that began when I was but a child.
Key Largo is the first island you drive to from the Florida mainland. About an hour drive south from Miami you will come to the bridge at Jewfish Creek, considered the “entrance” to the Florida Keys. Once across this beautiful bridge you are in Key Largo, commonly called the “Dive Capital of the World”. Many Key Largo dive sites are just minutes away now!
The “Florida Keys Reef Track” is the only coral barrier reef in the continental United States, and is the third largest coral barrier reef in the world. According to Wikipedia, “the densest and most spectacular reefs are found to the seaward of Key Largo (in and beyond John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park) and Elliott Key where the two long keys help protect the reefs from the effects of water exchange with the Florida Bay”
We can humbly confirm this, from direct experience! Scuba Divers that are “in the know” understand that Key Largo scuba diving is the best in the Florida Keys. Dive Sites here reflect the diversity and abundance of marine life found in these protected waters. The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
Most of our Reef Dive Sites are in relatively shallow water depths, making them very attractive to beginning divers as well as student scuba divers looking to complete their certification dives in clear, blue, shallow reefs with lots of marine life! These shallow reefs provide the ideal environment for newly certified divers and student divers looking to complete their training on a reef. We go out to these Key largo dive sites daily, every day of the year, and can provide the scuba training any day of the year also!
“Key Largo Dive Sites are Perfect for Newly Certified or Student Scuba Divers”
Key Largo also offers advanced Dive Sites, and is home to several deeper wrecks including the world’s largest artificial reef, the 510 foot USS Spiegel Grove. Another artificial Key Largo dive site is the US Coast Guard Cutter “Duane”, sitting upright in about 125 feet of clear blue water. These 2 plus a few others provide Key Largo dive sites for the seasoned scuba diver and for those who are interested in Advanced training.
The most popular reef in the Florida Keys, as well as anywhere in the Caribbean, is the Molasses Reef Dive Site. It is the largest, most lively reef and according to the REEF Foundation, some of the greatest abundance and diversity of marine life in the Caribbean. This is confirmed, once again, unofficially by our scuba divers who absolutely love this Key largo dive site!
Bottom line, Key Largo is known for its shallow reefs and deep wrecks. The shallow reefs provide world class diving for scuba divers of all ages and the deep wrecks offer excitement for scuba divers of all levels of training. Divers find out quickly why the diverse Key Largo dive sites have enabled the Florida Keys to be known as the “Dive Capital of the World”!
– Your Sea Dwellers Dive Center Staff
One day, maybe you’re watching something on cable, something with people underwater, scuba diving on some beautiful reefs; or maybe it’s just something you always wanted to do and you just decide, “now’s the time”! But one day you decide to do…get Scuba Certified!
So then you call Sea Dwellers Dive Center to book your Course and begin your journey to becoming an Open Water Scuba Diver in the beautiful Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary! After weeks of waiting and completing your online academics, you’ve finally arrived! You’ve done most of the hard work ahead of time, and now to put what you’ve read to practice and take your first breaths underwater. You’ve picked the best diving the states have to offer for your first open water dives and to begin your adventures as a certified scuba diver.
The morning of your first day you arrive at the shop and get your rental gear for the next few days of diving. You meet up with one of our instructors at the pool and there, you learn to set up your gear and take your first breaths underwater. For many people, this is an exciting and new experience that causes a bit of anxiety. The anxiety will slowly fade away as you become more comfortable with the gear and begin practicing skills in the pool. You start in the shallow end to get acclimated and as the pool session continues, you make your way to the deep end to do more skills and get a feel for how the gear works.
After you complete your pool session, you have some time to grab lunch at one of our many local restaurants.
After lunch, you head over to the dock where you get ready to go out for your first ocean dives. By the time the dive boat arrives at the site, your Scuba Instructor has given you a briefing and explained what skills you’ll be doing and what wildlife you may be seeing. When we are at the site, your instructor will be awaiting your giant stride entrance into the water and your first open water scuba dive in Key Largo. Nothing is quite like the first time you put your mask in the water and see the beautiful reef ecosystem below you that is unlike any terrestrial environment you’ve seen before. The vibrant colors of both corals and fish, and the diversity of species located only 30 minutes from shore is something that looks like it belongs in the movie Avatar more than Earth. After your first dive, you and your Scuba Instructor will get ready to do your second dive of the day and explore more of the reef.
On day two, we take our dive students to do another pool session. This extra pool session is to ensure the maximum comfort and mastery of the skills required to become a certified scuba diver. After this session, you will again have a break for lunch and be joining us on the dock for the afternoon dive. By day two, the comfort levels are higher and the dives become more enjoyable. The reefs will be teeming with life and more of these dives can be spent seeing the wildlife around you. After these four dives and the completion of all the skills, you are now a certified diver! But that’s not the end of your Open Water certification journey with Sea Dwellers.
For our open water students, we include three days of scuba diving. This is 2 more open water dives than is required, and 2 more than most others offer! Our Certification Course has been very popular, and this is one reason why. The more diving you are able to do the more comfortable and proficient you become in the water. This is our Philosophy, and from the feedback we’ve gotten, most agree with it! Finally, you will be given a temporary dive certification card and you are free to dive on your own (with a buddy, of course!) sans instructor and skill demonstrations!
Lots of family fun! Come on down and join us for some Key Largo Scuba Diving!
– Divemater Natalie
While “surfing” the web for Florida Keys info and news, I came across a very nice article from “The Daily Meal” website titled “12 Ways the Florida Keys Are Unlike Anywhere Else on Earth”. Its a cool article, and a cool website for foodies by the way, please check it out when you can.
It got me thinking about our islands down here, the Florida Keys, and how unique they really are to the North American Continent. The Florida Keys is the only area on the North American continent that exhibits traits of a “Tropical” environment by definition, (although technically just north of the official tropical zone boundary). The rest of South Florida and parts of Texas and Mexico have sub-tropical conditions.
The Florida Keys have been referred to as America’s Caribbean” for a myriad of reasons, starting with the “tropical” environment listed above. But they are also home to the only living coral barrier reef in North America. Obviously as many know, this makes it the go-to spot for scuba diving for most Americans. No passport required!
When you are in the Keys, doesn’t it just feel like you are in the “tropics”? Meaning everything that we simply think of when talking “tropics”! Lots of sunshine, (the most sunny days in North America), palm trees, beautiful blue water surrounding you at every turn….seafood shacks, great fishing, great Key Largo scuba diving, (oh, I already mentioned that didn’t I?). You get the picture?
The Florida Keys are simply, “one of a kind”. Probably not a secret to many of you, and why you keep coming down to visit us year after year! We hope that continues, and we think it will if the last few years are any indication…Key Largo and the Florida Keys have been busier than ever! Come on down, the sun, seafood, palm tress and great scuba diving are here waiting for you!
Sea Dwellers Dive Center Staff –
We’re happy to report that the summer of 2017 has been a great one for scuba diving. We’ve seen an up tick of business for the last 2 years now, we’re happy to report, and one of the reasons is…great scuba diving! Our Captains cannot remember so many calm, clear days as we’ve been blessed with for these last couple years. Good news for divers for sure. And while we’ve all heard about the fragile reefs being endangered by rising water temps, a few big players in the Marine Conservation world have announced some big news to help counter this…(see below).
I know I know, we’ve said this before…but heck, we’re going to say it again…the darn marine life down here in Key Largo is simply fantastic! Caribbean Reef Sharks (on most dives now), Spotted Eagle Rays, Tarpon, squid, Goliath Groupers, just to name some of the critters we’ve been seeing on our reefs and wrecks. Add this to the calm seas and you’ve got great scuba diving. We’re fortunate to have many of our scuba divers give us pics of some of the marine life off Key Largo they’ve been seeing.
We’re happy to announce that the Mote Marine Laboratory and The Nature Conservancy are “partnering on a coral conservation initiative that will enable coral restoration at unprecedented scales throughout the Caribbean and the Florida Keys”.
You’ve heard about the Coral Restoration Foundation and the great things they are doing for Florida Keys reefs, and now some other big guys in the Marine Conservation world are joining the action. It’s encouraging on many fronts!
“A collaborative research effort with the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS), the Nature Conservancy (TNC) and Mote is making great advances in developing culture methods for hard corals at Mote’s Tropical Research Laboratory field station in the Florida Keys.”
All of this good news for Key Largo, the Florida Keys, and of course all you scuba divers out there with an appreciation for our beautiful, yet endangered coral reefs. Your crew here at Sea Dwellers appreciates everyone who has been scuba diving with us this summer, and we hope to see you down here again real soon!
Sea Dwellers Dive Center of Key Largo
Wow, has the marine life been strong for diving in Key Largo this year! Just an update, this summer has been amazing for marine Life here…again…we’re happy to report! So in addition to the abundance of tropicals, schooling fishes, etc, that we always see on our reefs here…we’ve been seeing multiple Reef Sharks daily while scuba diving, a good amount of Spotted Eagle Rays, and Tarpon! While corals have been struggling here, as well as everywhere in the world due to rising seas temperatures, it’s hopeful that our marine life seems to be doing so well!
This isn’t a totally new phenomenom in Key Largo, as our scuba divers have been seeing increasing numbers of Caribbean Reef Sharks for several years now. But they are definitely peaking this year. At this point we can say that we’re seeing them on the majority of dives, (more than 50%). Last week on Molasses Reef, divers reported seeing between 8 – 10 Reef Sharks on one dive alone! According to Wikipedia… “Measuring up to 3 m (9.8 ft) long, the Caribbean reef shark is one of the largest apex predators in the reef ecosystem, and they are believed to play a major role in shaping Caribbean reef communities.”
Last week a school of about 20 large Tarpons went cruising by several of our divers on a dive on Molasses Reef! And several times over the last weeks divers have come across Tarpons, either large single ones, or in pairs. Strength, stamina, and fighting ability, make the tarpon a premier game fish in Key largo as well as the entire sate of Florida. This is generally the time of year scuba divers see them come in on the reef, and this year their numbers have been up. They are bright silver with large scales…and can grow to about 4–8 ft long and weigh 60–280 lbs according to Wikipedia. They do school at times, which can be exciting to watch while scuba diving.
So come on down and go scuba diving in Key Largo, the marine life, always one of the Keys’ biggest attraction, is really doing well! An while you’re at it if you want to dive with Sea Dwellers Dive Center that’s cool with us too!
“We were diving Key Largo, Molasses Reef, myself and 2 new students when we came upon a young Loggerhead Turtle. I hastened to coax my students along so we could take a look at him before he swam away. As it turned out, he decided we were interesting enough and spent about 10 minutes swimming with us… a wonderful dance for my students and I!” – Sea Dwellers’ Instructor Rob
How many times we’ve experienced the happy face of a diver after an encounter with a Sea Turtle on a Key Largo dive! These special encounters prove the uncertainty of a Turtle’s behavior; at times skittish, simply swimming away quickly when glancing a diver… and sometimes the opposite; content to simply swim right on up to a scuba diver and “check things out”. The latter is one of the great joys of scuba diving Key Largo…being able to swim with and interact with one of these beautiful, interesting creatures on a coral reef!
Male sea turtles actually spend their entire lives in the ocean. Adult females do return to beaches on land to lay their eggs, and they often migrate long distances between the areas where they feed and where they nest. There are seven species of marine turtles, five of which are found in the waters of the Florida Keys. These air-breathing reptiles are well adapted to life in the marine world, with streamlined bodies and large flippers.
A close relative of the Green Turtle, the Hawksbill Turtle is named for their narrow, pointed beak-like nose. One way to tell the difference between the Green and the Hawksbill is the Hawksbill has 2 pairs of plates between the eyes, the Green only one.
The Hawksbill has a very distinctive pattern of overlapping scales on their shells which can be quite beautiful. Unfortunately, these colored and patterned shells make them highly-valuable and commonly sold as “tortoiseshell” in markets, according to the WWF.
Hawksbills are found mostly throughout the world’s tropical oceans, commonly on coral reefs. They feed mainly on sponges, using their pointed beaks to extract them from corals crevices on reefs. They also eat sea anemones and jellyfish. This is probably the most common turtle for divers diving Key largo waters.
The most abundant of all the marine turtle species in U.S. waters, the Loggerhead is also one of the easiest to identify due to…yes, because of it’s huge head. Often seen “sleeping” while nestled among the coral, they are also known to be one of the most comfortable when interacting with scuba divers.
But persistent population declines due to pollution, shrimp trawling, and development in their nesting areas, among other factors, have kept this wide-ranging sea creature on the threatened species list since 1978.
The Florida Keys were known for it’s large population of Green Turtles decades ago before they were hunted by humans to near extinction worldwide. A very close relative of the Hawksbill, Greens are considered very good to eat. I hate to admit it, but I remember as a little boy eating turtle sandwiches with my parents at Manny & Isa’s Restaurant in Islamorada, our favorite spot back then. Of course at the time we had no idea that they were being fished into near-extinction. But I know now, and I wouldn’t eat sea turtle anywhere!
Sea turtles are the living representatives of a group of reptiles that has existed on Earth and travelled our seas for the last 100 million years. They are a fundamental link in marine ecosystems and help maintain the health of coral reefs and sea grass beds. – WWF
I remember very well running the Sea Dweller III out to the reef one day many years ago, and coming upon a huge, black object on the surface of the water. Coming up beside it, I realized that it was moving…and it was like nothing I had ever seen before! With huge dark ridges and about 5 – 6 feet long, I realized that it was a Leatherback Turtle. A truly amazing site!
While rare, they are found in Florida Keys waters, (I’ve never had a diver on the boat say they saw one underwater on a dive). The Leatherback is the largest of the turtles and the largest reptile living today. They can grow to be over 6 feet and can weigh upwards of 2,000 pounds. They are the only turtle that lacks a hard, bony shell.
We hope to continue to Dive Key Largo waters with Sea Turtles, as they are one of the reasons we dive in the first place! While human activity has helped to endangered them, we can also act to save them! With awareness and an appreciation of the fragility of these magnificent creatures, we can all contribute to their preservation! Now let’s go scuba diving and find some more turtles…
Thanks to all!
Rob & Your Sea Dwellers Staff
Here at Sea Dwellers Dive Center of Key Largo, we know how we feel about scuba diving! You could say we kind of like it…a lot actually, and we’re going to assume you more or less feel the same way. So we are all scuba divers, we love the underwater world, we love the marine life, corals, beautiful blue water…all the things that go with our sport. There are different skill levels, depending on how much diving we’ve done, what training we’ve received, etc. But there are some “universal truths” for scuba diving that we all can appreciate and hopefully follow. These were supplied to us from Dive.in, a great site I hope you check it out!
Here in Key Largo, Florida Keys, the diving is known to be some of the best in North America, for various reasons like abundant marine life, temperate conditions, island life, etc. Certainly the points listed below can help maximize your Key Largo scuba diving experience while at the same time helping to preserve it for future generations!
Thanks again to Dive.in for this cool and useful article!
Your Sea Dwellers Dive Center of Key Largo Staff!
Having talked about what the strobe does for you and the things that you need to think about to use them effectively, it’s time to consider the variety of ways we can use the strobes to enhance our underwater pictures.
The first thing to understand is a formula. That is that Total light equals the sum of Vertical light and Horizontal light. This diagram illustrates the concept. We can produce infinite variations of the picture by changing the amount of light from each source being used in an image.
As we are scuba diving, we adjust the amount of vertical light in the picture, so we will be changing the color of the background. We can take the background from black, where we allow no vertical light in, to a light blue where we add a lot of ambient light. This is probably a good place to start to compose our picture. Start by turning your strobes off and take a sequence of photographs varying the aperture with a shutter speed of 1/125th until you get the background color you are looking for. Point the camera, with the sun at your back into the blue water. Quite frequently, if you are scuba diving in the tropical waters of Key Largo, a good place to finish will be about f8 at 1/125th. at an ISO of 200. Obviously, less light will make the background darker, and more light, lighter. Once you have a background color to your liking, turn on one of the strobes and point it at your subject. Start on low power on the strobe and take a photograph. Review the result in the LCD screen and adjust the strobe power accordingly, increasing or decreasing the power. You can then turn on the second strobe to fill in any areas you think could do with some extra light.
In this picture of a Nassau Grouper, the shutter speed was 1/200th of a second with a small aperture and the strobe power was on high. This eliminated the vertical (ambient) light and made the backgound dark to avoid lighting a distracting background.
By contrast, this picture of a scuba diver on Molasses reef used a slower shutter speed of 1/125th with an aperture of F9 to allow more of the background light in to show the divers in the distance and give an idea of the size of the reef. The power of the strobe was increased until the lighting on the Atlantic Spadefish highlighted them just enough.
This picture of Divemaster Nick scuba diving on one of his rare days off used a slow shutter speed of 1/60th of a second combined with a large exposure of f5.6 to lighten the water on what was a fairly dark day. When you use a slower shutter speed on a moving object with a strobe, there isn’t much risk of motion blur because the strobe, which is lighting the foreground object is only typically illuminated for 1/1000th of a second, effectively freezing any motion.
This close up of a butterfly fish taken on Snapper ledge, was again taken with a fast shutter speed and small aperture to avoid lighting the brain coral in the background. It was taken using only a single flash to create an interesting shadow and provide some depth into what would otherwise be a “flat” photograph.
Remember that the most important point about using strobes is to use them to balance the horizontal and vertical light. We also use it to bring out the hidden color of underwater life. These two photographs of the Spanish Anchor on Molasses reef illustrate the point. The photo on the left was taken using only vertical light. The one on the right balances the horizontal and vertical light to get a nice blue background and uses the horizontal light to bring out the hidden color.
It also shows how important it is to follow the golden rule of Underwater Photography – While you are scuba diving and taking photographs, get close to the subject and when you think you’re close enough – get closer!
Happy shooting to all you Underwater Photographers out there. Keep diving, and keep shooting, as the best way to improve your abilities with a camera is experience, especially in the particularly demanding environment of salt water. And heck, it’s a great excuse to do more scuba diving in Key Largo after all!
Instructor Dave Jefferiss
For those who want to continue to learn about Underwater Photography, here is information on our “Digital underwater Photography Specialty Course”. (And it’s taught by Instructor Dave himself!)
We just completed another “Reunion Weekend”… this our 9th… and we’re glad to say we think it was a success! This weekend has been a staff favorite, originally intended for our long standing scuba divers, many which have been diving with Sea Dwellers for decades! And by the way, we’re honored to be a dive destination for these wonderful divers who are customers…but most importantly, our friends! How can you dive with someone for years, decades, longer…and not be close?
The weather cooperated greatly, calm seas, blue water…fabulous! REEF, the Reef Environmental Education Foundation, was our special guests this year, and everyone was able to participate in a Fish Count and Fish ID activity while diving some of the reefs.
On Saturday, we went to the Elbow Reef and City of Washington Wreck, 2 dive sites we do not visit very often due to it being farther abroad from our normal scuba diving destinations. Everyone seemed to enjoy the sites, as many had not been there before and the conditions were wonderful! We had a good Beach Party Saturday night at the Dive Center, food, beverages, and of course the costume Party. Fun was had by all I believe!
Thanks to everyone who participated, and to those who couldn’t make it this year, (you know who you are)…we hope to see you next year for our 10th Annual…sure to be an extra special event…(we promise!). Sea Dwellers Dive Center of Key Largo – Staff